Zamicastat (BIA 5-1058) is a dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH) inhibitor that could cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and cause central as well as peripheral effects. Zamicastat is also a concentration-dependent dual P-gp and BCRP inhibitor with IC50 values of 73.8 μM and 17.0 μM, respectively. Reduces high blood pressure.
store at -20℃ for one year（Powder）；
in DMSO or others solvent store at 2-4℃ for two weeks, at -20℃ for six months.
DMSO : 150 mg/mL (373.63 mM; Need ultrasonic)
Following 4 hours of incubation (5, 10, 20, 50, 80, 100 μM), a significant loss of cell viability is verified with 100 μM Zamicastat (p=0.010) in MDCK-BCRP cells. No significant losses of cell viability are observed after 4 h of incubation for other concentrations in all cell lines. By decreasing the incubation period to 30 min, there is no significant loss of cell viability (p>0.05) at 100 μM in all cell lines.
Zamicastat (10, 30 and 100 mg/kg/day; oral bolus, 7 days) is tested acutely against salt-induced hypertension in the Dahl SS rat. Zamicastat produces a dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure. 24 h after Zamicastat administration mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) decrease is -12.6±4.1 mm Hg (P=0.0284), -15.2±2.7 mm Hg (P=0.0026) and -19.0±3.7 mm Hg (P=0.0036) for the 10, 30, and 100 mg/kg body weight dose, respectively. Zamicastat administration also produces a significant 24-h average decrease in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of - 14.6±3.4 mm Hg (P=0.0073) with 10 mg/kg body weight dose, -13.0±4.5 mm Hg (P=0.0347) with 30 mg/kg body weight dose and -15.0±3.1 mm Hg (P=0.0046) with 100 mg/kg body weight dose. Zamicastat administration leads to a decrease in the 24h post-dose mean arterial pressure (MAP) of -13.4±3.8 mm Hg (P=0.0162), -14.0±3.5 mm Hg (P=0.0101) and -20.6±3.7 mm Hg (P=0.0026) for the 10, 30, and 100 mg/kg body weight dose, respectively. There is a small, but significant, effect of Zamicastat on the 24-h mean heart rate (HR) post-dose for all tested doses (10 mg/kg: -19.1±3.2 beats/min, P=0.0019; 30 mg/kg: -13.0±4.5 beats/min, P=0.0347; 100 mg/kg: -21.6±6.6 beats/min, P=0.0235).
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