- WIN552122,WIN-552122,(R)-(+)-WIN 55212
WIN 55212-2 (mesylate) is a potent aminoalkylindole cannabinoid (CB) receptor agonist with a Ki of 62.3 and 3.3 nM for human recombinant CB1 and CB2 receptors, respectively.
Store at -20℃ for one year（Powder）；Store at 2-4℃ for two weeks；Store at -20℃ for six months after dissolution.
DMSO: ≥ 34 mg/mL
WIN 55,212-2 is more potent in CHO-CB2 cells than in CHO-CB1 cells by a factor of 6O. WIN 55,212-2 has no effect on arachidonic acid release in CHO-CB2 or control CHO cells. WIN 55,212-2 fails to stimulate any increase in intracellular Ca2+ up to 10 μM. In primary cultures of rat cerebral cortex neurons, WIN 55,212-2 (0.01--100 nM) increases extracellular glutamate levels, displaying a bell-shaped concentration-response curve. The facilitatory effect of WIN 55,212-2 (1 nM) is fully counteracted by SR141716A (10 nM), by the replacement of the normal Krebs Ringer-bicarbonate buffer with a low Ca2+ medium (0.2 mM) and by the IP(3) receptor antagonist xestospongin C (1 μM). WIN 55,212-2 evokes CGRP release from TG neurons in vitro (EC50=26 μM) in a concentration- and calcium-dependent manner. WIN 55,212-2-2 neither inhibits capsaicin-evokes CGRP release nor does it inhibit forskolin-, isoproteranol- or prostaglandin E2-stimulated cAMP accumulation. WIN 55,212-2 significantly inhibits (EC50=1.7 μM) 50 mm K+-evoked CGRP release by approximately 70%. WIN 55,212-2 inhibition of 50 mm K+-evoked CGRP release is not reversed by antagonists of cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor, but is mimicks in magnitude and potency (EC50=2.7 μM) by its cannabinoid-inactive enantiomer WIN 55,212-2-3.
In the prefrontal cortex WIN 55,212-2 (0.1 and 1 mg/kg i.p.) increases dialysate glutamate levels from of the awake rat, while the lower (0.01 mg/kg) and the higher (2 mg/kg) doses are ineffective. Furthermore, the WIN 55,212-2 (0.1 mg/kg)- induced increase of dialysate glutamate levels is counteracted by pretreatment with the selective CB(1) receptor antagonist SR141716A (0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) and by the local perfusion with a low-calcium Ringer solution (Ca2+ 0.2 mM). WIN 55,212-2 (0.5, 1, 3, 5, 10 and 15 mg/kg, i.p.) does not alter the seizure threshold at low doses, while higher doses of the drug significantly increases the threshold in a dose-dependent manner. The anticonvulsant effect of WIN 55,212-2, which is observed with doses as high as 5 mg/kg, can be observed with doses as low as 0.5 mg/kg in groups pre-treated with 20 mg/kg of pioglitazone.
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- Identification of novel phytocannabinoids from Ganoderma by label-free dynamic mass redistribution assay
Han Zhou, Xingrong Peng, Tao Hou, Nan Zhao, Minghua Qiu, Xiuli Zhang, Xinmiao Liang
Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2020 Jan 10 .