Opicapone (BIA 9-1067)
opicapone is a novel catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor
Store at -20℃ for one year（Powder）；Store at 2-4℃ for two weeks；Store at -20℃ for six months after dissolution.
10 mM in DMSO
Opicapone has a prolonged inhibitory effect on peripheral COMT, which extends the bioavailability of levodopa, without inducing toxicity. Opicapone decreases the ATP content of the cells with IC50 values of 98 μM. Incubation of human primary hepatocytes for 24 h with increasing concentrations of Tolcapone, entacapone or Opicapone resulted in a concentration-dependent decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells, evaluated by the ratio JC-1 aggregates over JC-1 monomer (ratio λex 544 λem 590 over λex 485 λem 538). Opicapone decreases the mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells with IC50 of 181 μM.
Opicapone inhibits rat peripheral COMT with ED50 values below 1.4 mg/kg up to 6 h post-administration. The effect is sustained over the first 8 h and by 24 h COMT had not returned to control values. A single administration of Opicapone resulted in increased and sustained plasma levodopa levels with a concomitant reduction in 3-O-methyldopa from 2 h up to 24 h post-administration, while Tolcapone produced significant effects only at 2 h post-administration. The effects of Opicapone on brain catecholamines after levodopa administration are sustained up to 24 h post-administration. Opicapone is also the least potent compound in decreasing both the mitochondrial membrane potential and the ATP content in human primary hepatocytes after a 24 h incubation period.
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