Kartogenin(KGN) is a small molecule stimulator of chondrogenesis; promotes chondrocyte differentiation(EC50=100 nM) and binds to filamin A.
Store at -20℃ for one year（Powder）；Store at 2-4℃ for two weeks；Store at -20℃ for six months after dissolution.
Ethanol : 18 mg/mL (56.72 mM), warmed
DMSO : 63 mg/mL (198.52 mM)
Kartogenin enhances cell proliferation in both cell types in a concentration-dependent manner and induces chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells, as demonstrated by high expression levels of chondrogenic markers aggrecan, collagen II and Sox-9. Besides, kartogenin induces the formation of cartilage-like tissues in cell cultures, as observed through the staining of abundant proteoglycans, collagen II and osteocalcin. Kartogenin stimulates type-I collagen synthesis of fibroblasts at the mRNA and protein levels in a time-dependent manner without obvious influence on fibroblasts’ apoptosis and viability. Smad4/smad5 of the TGF-β signaling pathway is activated by kartogenin while MAPK signaling pathway remains unchanged. Kartogenin treatment enhances chondrocyte pericellular matrix assembly and retention in the presence of IL-1β. Kartogenin partially blocks the IL-1β-induced increased expression of ADAMTS-5. Additionally, kartogenin-treated articular chondrocytes exhibits a decrease in CD44 proteolytic fragmentation.
hen injected into intact rat patellar tendons, kartogenin induces cartilage-like tissue formation in the injected area. When injected into experimentally injured rat Achilles TBJs, wound healing in the TBJs is enhanced, as evidenced by the formation of extensive cartilage-like tissues. Kartogenin stimulates collagen synthesis in the mouse dermis. Dermis in the kartogenin (100 nM)-treated group exhibits increased dermal thickness and intense blue staining, which represents more collagen composition in the dermis.
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