FCCP is a potent uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria that disrupts ATP synthesis by transporting protons across cell membranes.
Store at -20℃ for one year（Powder）；Store at 2-4℃ for two weeks；Store at -20℃ for six months after dissolution.
DMSO : 25.4 mg/mL (100 mM)
FCCP treatment induces a very rapid 2-fold increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration that is accompanied by a strong protein synthesis rate inhibition. The translation inhibition correlates with an increased phosphorylation of the α subunit of eIF2 (eIF2α) and a 1.7-fold increase in the double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase activity. FCCP treatment also mildly decreases ATP and reactive oxygen species levels. It increases the expression of mitochondrial genes such as Tfam and COXIV while inducing morphological features of quiescent mouse HSCs and abrogating TGF-β signal transduction.
FCCP significantly reduces mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP production in 8-cell mouse embryos and the number of inner cell mass cells within blastocysts with unchanged blastocyst development. This perturbed embryonic mitochondrial function is concomitant with reduced birth weight in female offspring following embryo transfer, which persists until weaning. Although FCCP-treated males also exhibits reduced glucose tolerance as female, but their insulin sensitivity and adiposity gain between 4 and 14 weeks is unchanged. Reducing mitochondrial function and, thus, decreasing ATP output in the precompacting embryo can influence offspring phenotype.
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