Diclofenac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) taken or applied to reduce inflammation and as an analgesic reducing pain in certain conditions. It is supplied as or contained in medications under a variety of trade names.
Store at -20℃ for one year（Powder）；Store at 2-4℃ for two weeks；Store at -20℃ for six months after dissolution.
DMSO : ≥ 3.5 mg/mL (11.82 mM)
Diclofenac is a potent COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 nM and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in the CHO cells, respectively. Diclofenac effectively blocks COX-1 mediated prostanoid production from U937 cell microsomes, with an IC50 of 7 ± 3 nM. Diclofenac sodium exihibits inhibition on COX-1 and COX-2 enzyme with IC50s of 5.1 and 0.84 μM, respectively.
Diclofenac (3 mg/kg, b.i.d., for 5 days) significantly increases faecal 51Cr excretion in rats, and such effect is also observed in squirrel monkeys after administrated of 1 mg/kg twice daily for 4 days. Diclofenac (10 mg/kg) shows anti-inflammatory activity in mice. Diclofenac (10 mg/kg) decreases oxidized low-densitylipoprotein (Ox-LDL), but shows no effects on the kinetics parameters of catalase and glutathione peroxidase via intramuscularly injection into rats.
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