Bestatin trifluoroacetate 是 CD13 (Aminopeptidase N)/APN 和 leukotriene A4 hydrolase 抑制剂，常用于癌症治疗
10 mM in DMSO
Bestatin enhances ATRA-induced differentiation and inhibits ATRA-driven phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in ATRA-sensitive APL NB4 cells. Bestatin can not reverse the differentiation block in ATRA-resistant APL MR2 cells. CD13 ligation with anti-CD13 antibody WM-15 results in phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, reduces the inhibition of Bestatin on the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, and completely abolishes the enhancement of Bestatin on ATRA-inducing differentiation in NB4 cells. Bestatin (600 μM)-treated cells progress slower through the cell cycle due to decreased rate of cell growth and the frequency of cell division. Bestatin inhibits the frequency of mitosis and the inherent multinuclearity in D. discoideum, and is not cytotoxic to D. discoideum cells at 0-600 μM. Bestatin inhibits aminopeptidase activity in lysates of PsaA-GFP- and GFP-expressing cells by 69.39% ± 10.5% and 39.93% ± 18.7% of control, respectively.
Bestatin (20 μM) significantly reduces CD13 expression in diabetic mice and results a significant inhibition of MMP-9 specific gelationolytic band densities compared to diabetic vehicle-treated mice. Bestatin treatment significantly inhibits the expression of VEGF and heparanase in diabetic mice. Intravitreal bestatin treatment significantly downregulates the expression of both HIF-1α and VEGF in diabetic mice retinas. Furthermore, the upregulated expression of heparanase in diabetic mice retinas is significantly inhibited by intravitreal bestatin treatment. Bestatin (10, 1, and 0.1mg/kg, i.p.) treatment before the antigen-potentiated humoral response to SRBC results in an increased number of splenocytes producing hemolytic anti-SRBC antibodies (PFC) and the 2-ME-resistant serum hemagglutinin titer (at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg). Bestatin (1 and 0.1 mg/kg) administered to mice five times on alternate days after cyclophosphamide injection does not change the suppressive effect of the drug regarding the number of PFC, and even causes the further decrease of the total anti-SRBC hemagglutinins at dose of 1 mg/kg on day 7 after antigen stimulation.
. Hossain A, et al. Protective effects of bestatin in the retina of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Exp Eye Res. 2016 Aug;149:100-6.
. Qian X, et al. Inhibition of p38 MAPK Phosphorylation Is Critical for Bestatin to Enhance ATRA-Induced Cell Differentiation in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia NB4 Cells. Am J Ther. 2016 May-Jun;23(3):e680-9.
. Lis M, et al. The effects of bestatin on humoral response to sheep erythrocytes in non-treated and cyclophosphamide-immunocompromised mice. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2013 Feb;35(1):133-8.
. Poloz Y, et al. Bestatin inhibits cell growth, cell division, and spore cell differentiation in Dictyostelium discoideum. Eukaryot Cell. 2012 Apr;11(4):545-57.
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