- DZNep, NSC 617989
3-deazaneplanocin A, also known as DZNep, is a well-known histone methyltransferase inhibitor, which disrupts polycomb-repressive complex 2 (PRC2), and induces apoptosis, while inhibiting proliferation and metastasis, in cancer cells, including acute myeloid leukemia, breast cancer and glioblastoma.
store at -20℃ for one year（Powder）；
in DMSO or others solvent store at 2-4℃ for two weeks, at -20℃ for six months.
DZNep, NSC 617989
Soluble in DMSO, not in water
3-Deazaneplanocin A (1.0 μM) results in a significant increase in accumulation of cells in the G0/G1 phase (58.5%) with a concomitant decrease in the number of cells in S phase (35.2%) and G2/M phases (6.3%) of the cell cycle of human acute myeloid leukemia OCI-AML3 cells. 3-Deazaneplanocin A (1.0 μM) induces apoptosis in OCI-AML3 (~50%) and HL-60 cells (~50%), and a more than 90% reduction in colony growth at 48 hr. 3-Deazaneplanocin A depletes EZH2 levels, and inhibits trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 in the HL-60 and OCI-AML3 cells and in primary AML cells. 3-Deazaneplanocin A treatment induces p16, p21, p27, and FBXO32 while depleting cyclin E and HOXA9 levels. 500 nM 3-Deazaneplanocin A induces differentiation of HL-60 to CD11b+ cell by nearly 3-folds time at 48 h. 3-Deazaneplanocin A has excellent activity against several viral types. 3-Deazaneplanocin A is activity against vesicular stomatitis in L929 cells, parainfluenza 3 in H.Ep-2, vaccinia and yellow fever viruses in vero cells with IC50 of 0.2, 3.6, 2.1 and 2.9 μg/mL, respectively. 3-Deazaneplanocin A displays a strongly and uniformly leishmanistatic effect on American Leishmania (L mexicana and L brasiliensis) strains in the study with average ID50 of 96 ng/mL, but shows no inhibition against the several T. cruzi and T. rangeli strains tested with concentrations up to 10 μg/mL. At a dose of 200 ng/mL, 3-Deazaneplanocin A inhibits S-adenosyl-L-3H-methylmethionine and 3-thymidine incorporation by promastigotes after four days. At a dose of 100 ng/mL, 3-Deazaneplanocin A eliminates approximately 56% of the L mexicana and L brasiliensis from infected human macrophages.
3-Deazaneplanocin A shows antileukemia activity in vivo. 3-Deazaneplanocin A (1 mg/kg) significantly prolongs survival of mice implanted with AML cells with a median survival of 43 days compared with control group (36 days), which can be further improved by co-treatment with 10 mg/kg pan-HDAC inhibitor (HDI) panobinostat (52 days, median survival). 3-Deazaneplanocin A at the doses of 8 mg/kg shows in vivo antiviral activity against vaccinia virus in a mouse tailpox assay with median of 0.0 poxftail (84% protection). 3-Deazaneplanocin A at the doses ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 mg/kg/day, significantly reduced development of cutaneous leishmanial infection produced in inbred BALB/c mice by L. b. guyanensis inoculation. 3-Deazaneplanocin A induces massively increased interferon-α production in Ebola virus-infected mice. 3-Deazaneplanocin A (s.c. injection of 2 mg/kg postinfection) prevents death in mice infected with 1000 pfu (30 000 LD50) of mouse-adapted EBO-Z. Treatment with 3-Deazaneplanocin A on day 1 reduces mean serum viral titers on day 2 by 100-fold and on day 3 by 100 000-fold, compared with placebo controls, and results in a mean serum IFN-α level of 1420 pg/mL on day 2 and 1830 pg/mL on day 3.
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